Know Your Raga - Your complete guide to Indian Classical Music
Know Your Raga - Your complete guide to Indian Classical Music


Sargam is the Hindustani or North Indian equivalent to the western solfege. The seven notes of the sargam are Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha and Ni.

Now that you know how to grip the bansuri and get clean sound out of it, you can start playing the sargam. The notes are played by closing one or more holes starting from the top of the flute.

Playing Sa

For playing Sa you need to close the top three holes of the instrument and then blow into the flute. In case you cannot get a clean sound in the first attempt make sure that the holes are covered properly by your fingers and there is no air leakage.

Playng Sa on the bansuri
(Blowing into the flute with the first three holes closed)

Playing other notes

The fingering chart for playing all the notes of the sargam is shown below. Note that for playing Ma the first hole needs to be closed partially, but for all other notes the holes are fully covered.

Fingering chart for the Indian bamboo flute
Note: The black circles denote closed holes.

Pa, Dha and Ni are played in the middle octave or madhyan saptak of the bansuri. What this means is that by keeping the same position of fingers and by adjusting the air flow you can produce a note which is an octave higher than the previous note. A common mistake while trying to play the madhya saptak is that people think that they have to blow harder to play higher notes. That is not true. To play higher notes you have to make the air flow out of your mouth sharper and more concentrated. You can try blowing on to the palm of your hand and see how concentrated your air flow is.

The dot above the Sa at the end signifies that it is the Sa of the higher octave or taar saptak.

Putting it all together

Initally you should just try to play one note at a time till you are able to get a clean sound and then proceed to the next note. This process requires a lot of patience and could take a good amount of time.

When you are able to play all the notes you can try playing them together in ascending order(aaroh) or descending order(avroh).

Here is how I play the sargam. You could have a close look at the finger positioning and let me know your views on this.

Know Your Raga - Video
Click on an image to start playing...

Posted by Manu Mahajan. Last updated on 27th May '07.


Posted by Anonymous on November 4, 2015, 10:34 pm (IST)

Thanks ...
Sir I can understand the how to play sargam in flute.
But I don't know to next step so please guide me sir. ..

Posted by shirsath mohan on October 6, 2015, 9:28 pm (IST)

Sir, your lessons and explanations really helps. Thank you.

Posted by Bindusar on August 30, 2015, 12:14 pm (IST)

Can you tell me why my flute falls when I play ga and ma?

Posted by Harsh Vardhan Joshi on August 1, 2015, 8:47 pm (IST)

Will be thankful only if u send the notations of pahadi dhun.

Posted by hari prasad bhatta on July 23, 2015, 10:59 am (IST)

I what to learn flute sir

Posted by prakash on June 22, 2015, 8:44 am (IST)

hai sir i want to know how these notes differ with different scale flutes and how to play half notes .please reply me to my mail

Posted by praveen on May 13, 2015, 4:54 pm (IST)

Can you teach me music ,,, I have good experience

Posted by naveen on January 20, 2015, 4:36 am (IST)

sir i really want to play flute but i can't play and i have no any ideas plse i request you give me some tipes. By email

Posted by talib khan on October 26, 2014, 3:57 pm (IST)

Posted by BHAVIN on August 20, 2014, 2:14 pm (IST)

it was a pioneer step from this man....
he is teaching us beginners this pleasant way that we can at least easily get on the initial stage of learning..Thanks for sharing the post. ‎

Posted by Charlie on July 7, 2014, 11:57 am (IST)

Posted by Jerry on March 24, 2013, 8:10 pm (IST)

I have learnt Jana-gana-mana on flute. Now I want to learn other songs. Could you suggest some easy songs (less variations) to start with?
Thank you in advance!

Posted by Anonymous on February 16, 2013, 11:20 pm (IST)

sir i have the problem on reading notes like the difference between small g and that, and what is g1,g2,g3,r1,r2,r3

Posted by P.RAVEENDRA on February 5, 2013, 11:28 am (IST)

i purchased a 6 hole B marked flute, will it be ok for begineers or and changes please advise

Posted by p jyothi basu on January 30, 2013, 4:42 pm (IST)

i have been trying to play bamboo flute for a while however i can play 5 or six lines of some songs but i cant play sir gam..... :P will it have any probs in the future :((

Posted by towfique ahmed on January 28, 2013, 7:41 pm (IST)

in response to Haresh:
If you interrupt the air flow while playing sa with your tongue, you will get sasasa. This is similar to whispering "too" while blowing air. This is used by flutists to produce a cleaner note when playing tune instead of alap.

Posted by Anonymous on January 22, 2013, 6:30 am (IST)

sir, how to play sasasasa? if first three holes are closed then it would be saaaaaaaaa and not sasasasa. if u close 3rd and2nd hole alternatively, it will be saresare and not sasasasa.. pl help me.

Posted by Haresh on January 16, 2013, 12:08 pm (IST)

pl how i can play indian violin

Posted by aziz george on January 11, 2013, 4:01 pm (IST)

Thanks Sir..

Posted by anil on January 8, 2013, 5:20 pm (IST)

Very grateful to you sir

Posted by shashank on January 2, 2013, 11:55 am (IST)


Posted by Hari Prasad Bhatta on December 29, 2012, 10:40 am (IST)

Dhanybad sir

Posted by chandradeep sahu on December 20, 2012, 7:05 pm (IST)

thank u so much... :)

Posted by Anonymous on December 10, 2012, 12:54 am (IST)

i m just new for flute. i started my first class.. can u guide me anything.... it will be ur greatness..........

Posted by shiv kumar on November 19, 2012, 10:12 am (IST)

good! But in the initial lessons few things r missing.
As how to hold your flute?
What should the position of your hands, finger, wrist and which hand should hold the upper side and which hand to b put on lower side of your flute

Posted by Fiaz on November 18, 2012, 10:53 pm (IST)

Thank you sir, please tell me which scale of basuri to be seleted for learning

Posted by MVRPrasad on November 1, 2012, 12:30 pm (IST)

thanks very much sir

Posted by ankit on October 21, 2012, 2:35 pm (IST)

thanks(by kerala)

Posted by Deepak on October 9, 2012, 7:53 am (IST)


Posted by Rokan on September 20, 2012, 9:46 am (IST)

thanks a lot for this video

Posted by chandini on September 11, 2012, 6:37 pm (IST)

thanks sir for your guidence.

Posted by dr.ashok bhalerao on August 22, 2012, 9:14 pm (IST)

Posted by ravi on August 10, 2012, 10:06 am (IST)

hi sir,
i was wondering why it was that my pa is lower then my ma? and could you give me tips on how to improve on my ma.. it comes out kind of weird..

Posted by natasha on July 24, 2012, 5:41 pm (IST)

amazing site for music lowers.

Posted by Deepak on July 23, 2012, 11:57 pm (IST)

thank u sir

Posted by Prosenjit Rajbansi on July 18, 2012, 11:15 pm (IST)

HI!! sir ,
I need somenotes of some songs on flute.............

Posted by krisshna on July 15, 2012, 7:53 pm (IST)

like to u

Posted by khurram on July 1, 2012, 12:56 am (IST)

it was very helpful....thank u so much sir....

Posted by parth on June 10, 2012, 6:18 pm (IST)

hey its nice. now i can easily play sa re ga ma pa dha ni sa but now i want different notes. such as songs notes or any raaga notes
plz help me out.

Posted by aswad on June 6, 2012, 1:12 pm (IST)

I want to know how to blow air into the flute is it slowly or fastly(Hardly)
Please tell me sir.............

Posted by B R Chandra on June 1, 2012, 7:38 pm (IST)

sir , tell me how to play mandra sa, madya sa & tara sa.

Posted by srinivas on May 28, 2012, 10:58 am (IST)

thanks to google

Posted by Ramesh on May 9, 2012, 4:25 pm (IST)

Just love it.

Posted by Rubel on May 8, 2012, 9:16 pm (IST)

hey...thank you...this post helped me alot...

Posted by leena on May 3, 2012, 7:50 pm (IST)

i am not able to play pa..sometyms the pa comes xactly but when i try playing from the beginning sa re...after ma..the pa doesn't come...plz help

Posted by jahnobi on April 24, 2012, 10:14 am (IST)

hi.... thanks a lots to posted notes and playing sargam,

Posted by krishan kumar on April 3, 2012, 11:04 am (IST)

many was helpful,,...

Posted by rash on March 16, 2012, 11:11 pm (IST)

thanks 2 this website .................veryvery very very helpful . :)

Posted by shivani on March 11, 2012, 3:02 pm (IST),Im%20learning%20flute%20withe%20the%20help%20of%20u%20plz%20give%20me%202nd%20note%20i%20finished%201st%20one%20thanks.

Posted by john on March 9, 2012, 10:07 pm (IST)

Sir, I have 8 Holes Bansuri, how to play the notes in this one?

Posted by Mukesh Madhavan on February 27, 2012, 6:46 pm (IST)

hi, for beginar, what type of bnasuri should be selected? pl. help me

Posted by Anonymous on February 23, 2012, 5:28 pm (IST)

please give me the note of asare mainama

Posted by Atul Dhungana on February 19, 2012, 9:19 am (IST)

pls sen me scales in flue 6 holes

Posted by sam on January 26, 2012, 11:56 am (IST)

sir i ve 8 hole flute in that show me the diagram of sargam so that i can learn the sargam first without that 'm not able to do anything

Posted by Prakash M on January 25, 2012, 9:48 am (IST)

how can i improve my breath control over it..

i want to become a good player at flute
plz give me tricks

Posted by miku on December 23, 2011, 4:19 pm (IST)

sir. i started my flute drama. so i need some important tips about this ..plz help me....
i m getting crazzy to play flute. i just to play in temples

Posted by manas on December 23, 2011, 4:14 pm (IST)

sir i have a problem that is i have seen some people starting the first note i.e. Sa by closing all holes whith their fingers. And Re by opening one last right side hole. Thus they have different pattern. Now i an confused please help me. Thank you in advance.

Posted by avi on December 21, 2011, 1:46 pm (IST)

thank you very much :)

Posted by Anonymous on December 20, 2011, 9:33 pm (IST)


Posted by sanskar on December 16, 2011, 9:27 pm (IST)

hi sir.. awesome teachin for beginners..:)
nd i'm havin 8 hole bansuri, is diz notes possible for me to play in 8 hole flute.???

Posted by Gautham on December 15, 2011, 1:18 am (IST)

hie ,
want videos and pdf to learn flute can u help please

Posted by prateek on December 7, 2011, 12:39 am (IST)

Posted by mitesh on November 21, 2011, 11:53 am (IST)

Posted by kapil on November 2, 2011, 5:38 pm (IST)

Thank u sir.

Posted by Purshotam Dagar on October 27, 2011, 4:56 pm (IST)

please give me a videos
to lern.

Posted by navraz shahi on October 13, 2011, 1:55 pm (IST)

how to lern flute?

Posted by navraz shahi on October 13, 2011, 1:53 pm (IST)

Posted by praveen on October 8, 2011, 10:36 am (IST)

Thanks a million -)

Posted by swami dharm dev on October 6, 2011, 6:13 pm (IST)

Learn Hindustani, Carnatic, Classical, Light, Vocal music & learn to play Damaru, Dholak, Flute, Guitar, Harmonium, Mridangam, Naal, Pakhawaj, Santoor, Sarangi, Sarod, Shehnai, Sitar, Tabla, Tanpura, Veena, Violin at

Posted by Charya on September 20, 2011, 12:51 am (IST),What%20fantastic%20work.%20I%20wish%20you%20all%20the%20best.Ullas

Posted by Ullas Verma on September 18, 2011, 11:45 am (IST)

I am a beginner for bansuri, I want to know the composition for one of the raga.

Posted by KrishnaDeovanshi on September 10, 2011, 3:12 pm (IST)

I just started playing Flute (A#) I am having problem of 'pa' and 'dha'. when I close all fingers for 'pa' then sound stops playing and happens in same 'dha'. Please help me out.

Posted by Yash Bajaria on September 6, 2011, 1:24 pm (IST)


I have seven holes,
so, can I use the examples from above?

Posted by seirios on September 5, 2011, 5:33 pm (IST)

Hallo sir,

My flute have 8 holes,
Do I have the same flute as in the teacing?

Posted by Seirios on September 5, 2011, 4:52 pm (IST)

hello sir, would like to know how to improve the breath control

Posted by Anonymous on September 2, 2011, 1:23 pm (IST)

I guess you have written about the "G" Flute... Right ?Sa Re Ga Ma differ from flute to flute, correct ?

Posted by Swapnil Thakkar on August 15, 2011, 4:13 pm (IST)

hey u teach nice.. m actually learning with my sir... and u really teach in the same way. well i would like to tell all of u.this guy is right it might even take a couple of months playing just the sargam. it depends on how u practice the lessons.

Posted by nishant on July 10, 2011, 8:46 am (IST)


Posted by amit khanna on July 1, 2011, 10:54 pm (IST)

hi this is nice site but i have one question. how can we check ta scale of a basuri initially? and will the top three hole closing give the sa note in every basuri? plz if u can jst reply to my email

Posted by kriss mahat on July 1, 2011, 4:56 pm (IST)

I have registered on this website and waiting for the Administrator to approve my details. It seems no one is administering the site.....if the admin reads my comment can you please check and authorise so people can partcipate in thr forum? thnx

Posted by prit on June 14, 2011, 10:08 pm (IST)

Hi Raja Saxena, When you go ascending from Sa to higher pitch, then from Pa (all holes closed) you must blow little force air which bring higher actave sound and pitch of the note you are fingering.

Posted by Anil on May 29, 2011, 1:10 am (IST)

Hi Raja Saxena, When you go ascending from Sa to higher pitch, then from Pa (all holes closed) you must blow little force air which bring higher actave sound and pitch of the note you are fingering.

Posted by Anil on May 29, 2011, 1:10 am (IST),%20do%20email%20I%20will%20try%20to%20explain%20-%20%20wherever%20possible.%20See%20you.

Posted by Bimal on May 20, 2011, 5:39 pm (IST)

Also i'd like some advice on how to hold the flute when all holes are open, it's unstable then :s

Posted by benjamin on April 2, 2011, 1:44 pm (IST)

Hi, thanks!
This lesson however assumes the flute's tuned in C. It should perhaps mention how to deal with other tunings.
For those who have a flute with 8 holes, it should be a Karnatic flute, 5 holes in pentatonic, check other lessons.

Posted by benjamin on April 2, 2011, 1:43 pm (IST)

I have been searching all over the web... and after 2 days i found your website ... which is great for a pure beginner like me ... Thanx a lot ... this does make it a lot easier as compared to all the video tutorials i got till now... Keep it up!!!

Posted by Arun Sengupta on February 26, 2011, 2:07 pm (IST),i%20already%20have%20an%20six%20holed%20flute%20in%20my%20house%20some%20months%20ago,but%20i%20am%20not%20having%20any%20proper%20methods%20to%20practice%20flute,after%20months%20go%20i%20searched%20for%20learn%20flute,i%20seen%20this%20website%20and%20i%20tried%20it

Posted by Aravind on February 2, 2011, 1:41 pm (IST),%20any%20how%20i%20have%20managed%20to%20learn%20Sa,%20Re,%20Ga.........%20i%20am%20really%20longing%20to%20play%20a%20song(any%20simple%20song%20if%20its%20hindi%20it%20would%20be%20great)%20could%20you%20please%20help%20me%20to%20attain%20this%20endeavour....%20just%20give%20some%20basic%20notes%20so%20that%20i%20could%20practise................%20%20Thanks%20and%20regards%20Tijo%20Thom

Posted by Tijo on January 18, 2011, 3:03 pm (IST)

I want to learn flute lession.

Posted by sudhirgrover23 on January 18, 2011, 11:47 am (IST)

I Read your Website For Learning Sargam On Flute

Posted by Manish Kumar on November 19, 2010, 6:16 pm (IST)

thanks but my flute is generating high tone sound

Posted by ren on November 9, 2010, 11:48 am (IST),%20i%20got%20a%20new%20basuri%20and%20its%20been%20my%20life%20long%20dream%20to%20know%20how%20to%20play%20it.%20Thank%20you%20soooo%20much%20ur%20website%20is%20fantastic,%20we%20need%20more%20people%20like%20you%20in%20this%20world%20:)

Posted by swati tiwari on November 4, 2010, 11:36 am (IST)

how many holes did the flute have? my flute has four holes

Posted by Anonymous on October 30, 2010, 2:21 pm (IST)

Thank you.You are very helpful..

Posted by Abir on October 27, 2010, 10:31 am (IST)

hello sir.i have a problem on my flute pa is a lower tone then sa (pa is lowest tone)how is it possible? that on your finger chart it is not the lowest tone i am plssssss help me.

Posted by Raja saxena on October 22, 2010, 1:25 am (IST)

mai bahut hi khush ho gaya hoo .ke aise website kisne itnee mehanat se banayee aour.......i am very happy

Posted by mukesh patil on October 7, 2010, 11:42 am (IST)

Thnx sir you have guided me properly...
I play flute not consistans...but from last three year. I have not proper guidance to ply it in rythem..but i can play some of gujrati gazal & hindi songs...but now i want proper guidance to learn it perfactly.....hope you will help me & guide me...

Posted by Valay Patel on September 29, 2010, 8:26 am (IST)

Thank you very much, as a beginner to the bansuri I do appreciate the information you conveyed to us by this means.

Posted by Radek on September 28, 2010, 12:20 am (IST)

Ths is a realy helpful lesn. It would be nice if u send sme mre tips nd lesns to me. Im a keen learner

Posted by Vivek on September 27, 2010, 8:00 pm (IST)

Thank you. I just started learning Flute. Its little tough to blow for long time infact. i think i fill the web site is worng, my email adress is above :)

Posted by Swapnil Vichare on September 25, 2010, 7:49 pm (IST)

Thank you. I just started learning Flute. Its little tough to blow for long time infact :)

Posted by Vijesh kumar v on September 20, 2010, 5:21 pm (IST)

i think i fill the web site is worng, my email adress is above

Posted by sunil on September 11, 2010, 3:48 pm (IST)

hi, first thx for u explaing clarly about flute. my problume is when start sa re ga ma is ok when i go pa its not clear, how can i play clarly, i like too much play flute help me plz with thx suni

Posted by sunil kumar on September 11, 2010, 3:45 pm (IST)


Thanks man for the great lessons. I just received my first bansuri today and with your help I am making a clean tone.


Posted by Joe Drzewiecki on July 27, 2010, 8:12 am (IST)

just bought a bansuri at a tourism shop & found ur website thankyou so much done my first lesson but will look for a nicer bansuri from a mandir hope it sounds better

Posted by Anonymous on July 22, 2010, 12:24 pm (IST)

sir, i want to learn playing basuri so please suggest me the best basuri for beginners

Posted by surya on July 16, 2010, 2:38 pm (IST)

basuri moar notes

Posted by girish on July 13, 2010, 5:35 pm (IST)


Posted by S.Mangala Rajiv on July 7, 2010, 8:47 am (IST)

On my flute Pa is a lower tone then Sa. (Pa is lowest tone)
How is it possible that on your fingerchart it is not the lowest tone?
i'm confused totally.

Plz help, i love to learn.

Posted by Ridha on July 5, 2010, 1:06 am (IST)

hi sir i am in beginner stage in flute .....can we able to play songs in all the scales .......andcan we able to move from one octave to the next higher one........

Posted by Johnsonraj on June 26, 2010, 1:38 am (IST)

hello sir
i ve a 6 hole C tonic flute.
since i m a beginner i want to know that if v play the low pitch Sa with all holes closed then how do we ve to play d last high pitch Sa note?

Posted by aali pant on May 31, 2010, 7:09 pm (IST)

amazing website really,
thank you sir

Posted by jack on May 22, 2010, 5:11 pm (IST)

Posted by Jayshree.Jain on April 1, 2010, 11:50 am (IST),%20Aum%20Jai%20Gajadish,..%20note%20for%20bansuri,..%20plz%20reply

Posted by Ankit on March 29, 2010, 2:49 pm (IST)

hi i just bought a very basic flute in which u blow the air on the end it good enough for learning the basics..??

Posted by pranky on March 16, 2010, 12:01 pm (IST)

This Bansuri learning lesson is fantastic. How can you print this page.
Thank you.

Posted by MOHAMMED I. AKHAWALA on February 26, 2010, 12:54 pm (IST)

Nice web site really, didn't find any such site for biggeners. Hope you bring more and more to it.

Posted by gh on February 4, 2010, 11:04 pm (IST)


Posted by deepak on January 29, 2010, 9:15 pm (IST)

you are great!
thanks a lot man. :)

Posted by Amrit Verma on January 28, 2010, 11:58 am (IST)

Sir,This is good.Can you let me know how to play any bollywood song and explain how to play like the one you mentioned ( sa re ga....) or direct me to website

Posted by Srikanth on January 26, 2010, 7:28 pm (IST)

the flute used in video is some special kind of flute? because i m trying to play aaroh but i cant i hv B note flute please send feedback on my mailing address i m wating thanks

Posted by shradheya joshi on January 25, 2010, 8:04 pm (IST)

Really good website....

Posted by shreyas on January 22, 2010, 6:30 pm (IST)

It was really nice to find this useful website. You are really a decent and encouraging man. Thanks a lot!!

Posted by alok maurya on January 16, 2010, 6:07 pm (IST)


Posted by laxman on January 16, 2010, 12:20 pm (IST)

it was a pioneer step from this man....
he is teaching us beginners this pleasant way that we can at least easily get on the initial stage of learning..
thanx Sir......

Posted by nitin on January 8, 2010, 3:42 am (IST)

its first time i have seen this site i loved it thanx 4 putting such great work on net

Posted by tabish on January 6, 2010, 1:23 pm (IST)

sir how acn i play komal sur on bansuri?that is komal re, ga,dha and ni

Posted by sudhanshu shekhar on December 29, 2009, 7:05 pm (IST)

Hi guys! very nice website. Good work. But i own an 8-holed bamboo flut. Can u show me the fingering chart ?REGARDS,Shyam

Posted by Shyam on December 24, 2009, 7:32 pm (IST)

I am fond of learning music, but I could not spend time to go classes. it is very very useful to that who enthuastic to learn the music. many books are available but we can not test ourself the correct output. your site resolves it. thanks

Posted by Deena Dayal on December 23, 2009, 9:56 am (IST)!%20Plz%20help%20me%20with%20periodic%20lession

Posted by Qaisar on October 11, 2009, 7:06 pm (IST)

fantastic! i did not even know how many holes a flute has until i bought one yesterday from a street vendor for 20 bucks. and then i googled to play something and i found your site. very informative. thanks and cheers.

Posted by aditya sirish on October 2, 2009, 9:40 am (IST)

TX a Lot 4 dis turorial. It is really helpful for Starters like us. We were really happy to find this page & I think the instructions & video are apt and helps a beginner in his Starting Lessons.
Once Again, THANKS A LOT!
Keep Adding the lessons!!!

Posted by Sudarshan & Sengathir on September 15, 2009, 8:39 pm (IST)

thanks to teach...amazing website..u teach very simple n easy....i want to learn more....can u?????????????????

Posted by mayur mengle on September 13, 2009, 1:50 pm (IST)

hoe 2 ply the swaras in komal and teevra

Posted by ankit on August 16, 2009, 12:13 pm (IST)

it is very good, i knew the 7 notes

Posted by aditya on July 31, 2009, 7:58 pm (IST)

namskar g
i blow raag bhupali simple, next stap in bhupali raag i means bhupali taane tarana alap etc. plz help me

Posted by inder on July 31, 2009, 6:39 pm (IST)

hello went thru ur intro page extremely informative plz next lesson tanks

Posted by ravi on July 19, 2009, 12:19 am (IST)

Its Realy Nice.. Thank you!

Posted by Daniel on July 4, 2009, 1:16 pm (IST)

thats amaizing for new commer. plz attached more tutirials for learning flute

Posted by tomal on July 3, 2009, 6:42 pm (IST)

Hi Manu, really love your website - very clear guide for beginners like me. Where can I get a good book with Sargam notation no famous Indian songs (e.g. Vande Mataram, Sare Jahan Se Acha, Jana Gana Mana)?

Posted by Shrikant on June 11, 2009, 12:09 pm (IST)

Hi, I've searched many websites.and i could not get basic thing for playing Bansuri. but same thing I have got from yr website. thank u .can u help m? i want to learn a next level. thanx Regards,PradipTelecom officer in BSNL

Posted by PRADIP on June 10, 2009, 2:11 pm (IST)

good evening sir g,
i know very well saptak sa to ni. aroha and avroh plz next stap. thanks

Posted by INDER on April 16, 2009, 5:04 pm (IST)

Very interesting and very easy method of teaching... thank you very much sir

Posted by Saurabh Samir on April 13, 2009, 7:44 pm (IST)

Good Work..
This helps me a lot..


Posted by Thiyagu on March 30, 2009, 7:59 pm (IST)

Hey....Thats a cool website....
With 0 knowledge of flute i purchased 1.....
and i already started playing :-)
Thanks for such a wonderful site
Keep it up.

Posted by Adarsh Kumar Pavani on March 28, 2009, 1:41 am (IST)

I find it very difficult to bring out Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa. I read the above instruction about requiring sharper air flow to attain this..still trying..thanks for all the pointers :-)

Posted by Manu Raghavan on March 22, 2009, 10:01 am (IST)

guys, can anyone please throw some light on breath control? though i can produce the sounds, i cant quite make improvement without proper breath control..i know its difficult, but any suggestion are welcome. thanks in advance :-)

Posted by Manu Raghavan on March 22, 2009, 8:43 am (IST)

u r lessons are really good , i m not join the classes so its helpful . thank u .

Posted by anup on March 17, 2009, 12:57 pm (IST)

This is a cool web. I've been searched how to play bamboo flute, but I've found it here. Thank you so much. I could blow my flute, but I don't have a good flute. I wonder if you can show me how to properly make a flute, and how to judge a good flute

Posted by hoangmy on March 5, 2009, 12:34 pm (IST)


Posted by ZAHID on March 2, 2009, 5:33 pm (IST)


Posted by ASIT KUMAR DUTTA on February 5, 2009, 8:09 pm (IST)

I have been looking this site since 8-9 months. it would be great if some more tips are posted in the website.

Posted by Anonymous on December 7, 2008, 12:08 pm (IST)

i can play,,dha, ni but i can not play pa properly on me thanx alot

Posted by ravi trivedi on December 4, 2008, 4:55 pm (IST)

Hi Manu,How the left handed bansuri differs to that of right handed on. I can easily transpose the "sargan" lesson what you showed here. Though some of the Bansuri shops like that of Harsh Wardhan says that they provide the left handed bansuri

Posted by Devender Pratap on November 6, 2008, 3:23 pm (IST)

Thar sargam notes you showed in a figure denote for right handed bansuri. Well, i could easily transpose them for left handed flute. But, tell me how the left handed flute differs than that of right handed one. While at Bansuri shop, like that of

Posted by Devender Pratap on November 6, 2008, 3:18 pm (IST)

Please send me baansuri vadan tutorial.........I am interested to learn baansuri.........

Posted by rajesh on October 29, 2008, 6:52 pm (IST)

Hi Vijay

For a discussion on the selecting the position of Sa have a look at the following topic

Hope this helps

Posted by manu on October 2, 2008, 7:55 am (IST)

Thanks for this great sit . It is people like you who spread happiness by helping people to come closer to our Clasical Music. There is a note put up by Shri Anil Tirunagari on 10th May 2008 that with all holes covered we play Sa. What is you advise

Posted by Vijay Kumar Atri on October 1, 2008, 7:43 pm (IST)

Hi Tony, You can play longer flutes if you follow the right technique. I've seen people with very small hands playing long flutes. Try Hari ji's technique

Posted by manu on September 30, 2008, 11:40 am (IST)

Is it common with people like me ( short fingers ) to be restricted to the smaller, higher pitched instruments?

Posted by tony on September 30, 2008, 7:14 am (IST)

I have just purchased three flutes of various sizes and have been playing western silver flute for thirty five years, my hands and fingers are quite small and I think that it is impossible to achieve the required stretch necessary to play.

Posted by tony on September 30, 2008, 7:08 am (IST)

thx for posting the bansuri lesson ...i have followed this and its been a month on and off and i have started playing any tune that comes too my mind which makes me feel gr8 was very helpful ..

Posted by vijay on September 19, 2008, 1:36 pm (IST)

thanks! --Tamil

Posted by Tamilarasi.S on August 30, 2008, 7:41 pm (IST)

it is an xcellent site for takin the popularity of guitar tot each & every house..........

Posted by yashdeep on August 30, 2008, 11:20 am (IST)


Posted by yashdeep on August 30, 2008, 11:18 am (IST)

i m just starting my piano expe. in basuri

Posted by deepak on August 28, 2008, 9:27 am (IST)

Hi Tamil

If you have a 8 hole BANSURI then the fingering is the same but if you have south indian flute then it would be different.

All the best!

Posted by manu on August 27, 2008, 11:48 pm (IST)

thank you!I have an eight holed Bansuri(if i m not wrong). Will the same pattern to play sargam is applicable to eight holed too? today i bought Flute.. and am browsing get info. your site was what i needed.. thanks once again..

Posted by Tamil on August 26, 2008, 12:57 am (IST)

hi, the flute that I bought has different notes from what you mentioned. When all holes are covered, the lowest base sound is produced which is I assume is Sa. And as each hole is uncovered, the pitch increases producing Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Da.

Posted by anil tirunagari on May 10, 2008, 4:46 pm (IST)

hi again!!
I am facing prblem in playin SA RE GA MA!but I can play Pa Dha Ni Sa clearly!! my flute doesnt sound clear with bottom 3 holes open!is that a flute problem or mine??? Please temme wat r diffnt types of flute n how to by d better one??

Posted by prem on December 21, 2007, 1:03 pm (IST)

hi manu!!

nice work man ; and must be appreciated!!

I had bought my first bansuri a year ago but had no time to learn it properly!!Now i hav found your page which is helping me a lot!!Thanks for that!

Posted by prem on December 21, 2007, 12:59 pm (IST)

wow fantastic helped me soooooo much .........thank u soo much in finding time to help all of us...take care

Posted by amit on December 21, 2007, 12:22 pm (IST)

cool, i was playing guitar sometime back, though i didnt take any training, i was able to generate sargam and any song tune. so i thought i should get bansuri also. I tried hard to get sargam from bansuri but failed. this site has really helped me.

Posted by vickey on September 13, 2007, 7:49 am (IST)

dude i need more tutorials

Posted by matt on September 12, 2007, 2:56 pm (IST)

i've a problem. i can get a clean sound for every note except pa. no matter what i do i only get a blowing sound...or a shrill whistling sound. what should i do?

Posted by Basim on August 23, 2007, 7:41 am (IST)


Thanks a lot for this tutorial.I have very little basic knowledge of carnatic music.Recently I got a flute, but dont know how to use that as there is no teacher also nearby.I think this fingering chart will be really useful for me.

continue your good work,




Posted by srividya on January 4, 2007, 5:14 pm (IST)


Great job. The site is really useful for beginners. Would appreciate if you can post more on how to move from one level to another and do riyaz. Its very beneficial to people like me who are not in India and cannot find gurus who can teach bansuri here in US.

Posted by Kirti Prakash on September 24, 2006, 8:39 pm (IST)

wow! i just bought a bansari the other day and there is no teachers in my area, and i beleive i had the ability to learn the sargams on my own, ive had traning in playing tanti saaz (dilruba, tarshenai)! i atleast needed to know where to place fingers on teh bansari to get sargams and i found this site, it has helped alot! thanks!

Posted by jatinder singh on September 13, 2006, 3:28 pm (IST)

Very nice contribution with videos. Fabulous idea !

Please add few more videos with beginner level  song or music. That will be really helpful. So that we can watch your fingering technique in the video.

Posted by veerender on September 10, 2006, 12:43 am (IST)


i would like to make few but important points which you should notice

1. it is not clear to a beginner weather the 'Ma' being played in the clip is shudh or is it what we call teevra 'Ma'

2. Pa can be souned in two patterns you should mention it also

3. rather than facing camera directly if you try giving a look from behind i.e right from your shoulder it will make it more clearer to the observer as he can see the movements of fingers over the holes more clearly

4. last but most important is plz. contact me i really really liked the site and had it been there a long ago i would have been benifited a lot.

i will try to help you in maintaining this site and provide you any sort of help required only IF YOU LIKE. i too will enjoy it :-)


Posted by vijay on August 1, 2006, 10:41 pm (IST)

Hi Harsh

My view is that in music or in any of the fine arts in general, there is no right or wrong way of doing things. The main thing is that you should be comfortable with what you are doing.

Regarding the playing of the Pa and other notes in the higher octave you have to keep two things in mind:-
  1. Make sure all the holes that you are covering are closed properly and there is no air leakage.
  2. Blow in the same position with slightly lesser force but your air flow should be more concentrated. As I have mentioned above try to blow on to the palm of your hand and see how much area the air flow is covering, then try to blow in such a way that your air flow covers lesser area on the palm of your hand. Try pressing your lips a little harder.
In the beginning you can try playing the higher octave by keeping all holes open. If you are able to get the high note like this means that the holes that you are covering  are not closed properly.

Hope this helps

Posted by Manu on July 9, 2006, 4:59 am (IST)

hae manu ... gr8 work man!!!! thnx a ton... hav been tryin to play d flute frm quite sum time but cudn find ne tutorial site... now i knw dat i've been playin it al wron !!! but glad to knw d rit way :D... thnx a lot... but m not able to get after ma... frm pa dat is... m still gettin d same ol' heavy tone after coverin al d holes... wonderin n amazed how u can change d octave frm ur embochure.. cool !!! m tryin hard but sumtimes al i get is a harsh n shrill tone apart frm d usual heavy tone... not a raised octave one :( ...  m playin d flute keepin it on my left(u guyz play it on d right) ... iz dat d cause ??? waitin for ur reply... thnx again... take care... kudos...

Posted by Harsh on July 7, 2006, 4:50 pm (IST)


Regarding video playback you need an internet connection with a speed of 256kbps or higher... Otherwise you can download the videos to your computer by right clicking on the images and selecting 'save target as'

I will add a note on the pages that have video clips. Sorry for the inconvenience.

Posted by Manu on July 5, 2006, 5:58 am (IST)


Amazing website here! I had been trying to find out the fingering charts but the rest of the sites are too confusing. I hope you still keep working at adding to the site.

The videos aren't working on my comp. It seems to be streaming in data but nothing gets played.

Anyway, keep up the good work. I could play the aaroh, avroh thanks to you!

Take care

Posted by Kanika on July 4, 2006, 2:57 pm (IST)

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